Seaweed has 27 genera. If the commodity is processed further, he could produce approximately 500 types of commercial products. Starting from the agar-agar, animal feed, food, medicines, cosmetics, toothpaste, shampoo, paper, textiles, until the lubricating oil in drilling oil wells.
Utilization of seaweed in Indonesia has been started in 1920, but its use is still limited to medicine and food with a traditional way of processing. One is the antitumor efficacy, lowering blood pressure, and cope with glandular disorders. That is why, some people claim seaweed as the "god plant".
Along with the presence of the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, the great potential of sea grass was dug up and developed. In addition to encouraging cultivation, these agencies are also increasingly keen to raise research and assessment, ranging from nursery, maintenance, maintenance, production, marketing, and product processing. Included on the procedure utilization, counseling, fundraising for farmers, and crawl investment.
In 2003, cultivation of seaweed through intensification in the area of 17,416 hectares spread across 18 provinces. When the seeds or seedlings were distributed as much as 209 tons of sea grass.
Until now as many as 20 572 new medium-scale companies to invest in the cultivation of seaweed with a total investment of Rp 5, 143 trillion. The company mostly operates in Papua 9.2940 units or Rp 2.323 trillion, Maluku 3826 units or USD 956.481 billion, Central Sulawesi, 1969 units or USD 492.130 billion, and the most
slightly in NTT 19 units or USD 4.630 billion.
For large-scale investment, as many as 617 companies investing in seaweed with a total investment of Rp 1.974 trillion. This investment is the largest in Papua, which is 279 units valued at USD 892.267 billion company. Followed Maluku 115 or USD 367.289 billion company. Central Sulawesi 59 firms or Rp 188.978 billion, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam 58 companies with an investment of USD 185.067 billion. The smallest investment in East Nusa Tenggara (NTT), only one company with an investment of USD 1.778 billion.
Tanah Papua is rich in potential seaweed, was very interested in international society since the country of origin Cenderawasih seaweed that is still considered purely from a variety of chemical pollution. According to the Head Office of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (DKP), Papua Province, Ir Astiler Maharadja who told ABC News in Jayapura, on Wednesday confirmed international community has accepted the request through a letter sent to the field of economy as well as professional organizations print and electronic media and e-mail about wanting to buy seaweed production fishermen in Papua Province.
Countries that have offered his intention to buy seaweed from Papua namely Japan, China, Korea, Hongkong, Taiwan, Philippines and some countries in Europe and America. The consumers from Asia, Europe and America knows that the quality seaweed from Papua quite high and have not contaminated chemicals. Therefore, the benefits of seaweed for agar-agar (food), cosmetics, pharmaceuticals capsules to human health even red seaweed species can be managed as raw material for paper.
Red seaweed species that have been developed in various regions in the province of West Nusa Tenggara (NTB). The same opportunities will be developed in Papua Province. Asitler respond seaweed enthusiasts from Papua and it has delivered economic leadership of professional organizations including the leadership of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry areas of commerce (Kadinda) Papua seize opportunities for this market because its benefits are very large for the development of domestic economy, particularly in Papua Province.
Moreover, the sea waters in the province is still pure and not contaminated with various chemicals. These opportunities need to be anticipated economic actors as well as encourage the participation of fishermen and farmers in the coastal areas including cultivating seaweed red seaweed species that have been developed society in NTB's.
Ir.Asitiler said it had to fight to the Department Keluatan and Fisheries (DKP) in Jakarta in fiscal year 2007 through the state budget allocated Rp 5, 3 billion for the cultivation of seaweed and fish cage development of Tilapia species.
Funds amounting to Rp 5.3 billion aid budget that DKP with details of the development of seaweed in Nabire Rp 1.5 billion, ocean seaweed and tilapia in Jayapura city of Rp 1.3 billion. Development of tilapia fish farming in Lake Sentani, Jayapura regency Rp 300 million, seaweed cultivation in the District
Biak Numfor USD 350 million and the District Supiori with seaweed cultivation amounted to USD 1.3 billion.
In addition, the cultivation of seaweed in Kampung Angkaisera, Meosnum Island, Mesopundi Island, Islands and Villages Ambai Yapen Kabuena in obtaining development funds amounting to Rp 500 million.
The development potential of the sea in Papua have to pay attention to environmental sustainability which is a plus for seafood papua.